Psychology is frequently defined as the study of the mind and behavior, a vast field that is sometimes subdivided into a variety of sub-disciplines. Each branch focuses on a different aspect of psychology.
Some psychologists research brain functioning and its impact on behavior. Others look at how personality grows and changes during one’s life. Other psychologists are curious about how psychology may help people in the workplace.
Let us have a look at some of the different branches of psychology:
The relationships between ideas, emotions, perceptions, and behaviors are studied in behavioral psychology. It studies strategies to transform problematic behavior and acquire more positive and healthy ways to act as a field with both research and clinical applications.
Clinical psychotherapy is described by behavioral psychology as the study of how thoughts, feelings, and beliefs affect and even govern behavior. Behavioral psychology also investigates how one’s actions can affect one’s cognition. (Rachlin, H., Battalio, R., Kagel, J. and Green, L., 1981.)
Biological psychology is the study of the physiological foundation of behavior, often known as physiological psychology or behavioral neuroscience. The link between psychological processes and the underlying physiological events—or, in other words, the mind-body phenomenon—is the focus of biological psychology.
Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that provides people and families with ongoing and comprehensive mental and behavioral health care, as well as consultation to agencies and communities, training, teaching, and supervision, and research-based practice. A broad specialty encompasses severe psychopathology and is distinguished by its comprehensiveness and integration of knowledge and talent from a variety of disciplines both within and outside of psychology. (Witmer, L., 1907. Clinical psychology.)
The study of internal mental processes, such as perception, thinking, memory, attention, language, problem-solving, and learning, falls under the umbrella of cognitive psychology. Despite the fact that it is a relatively new discipline of psychology, it has swiftly become one of the most popular subfields.
This discipline of psychology investigates atypical patterns of behavior, thinking, and emotion. This could be considered in the context of a mental illness or not. While there is some disagreement over what constitutes “abnormal,” abnormal psychology examines behavior in a clinical setting in order to better understand and control behavior that is statistically, morally, or functionally deviant or aberrant.
Psychological structures are examined from a modern evolutionary viewpoint in this theoretical approach to the social and natural sciences. It aims to identify which psychological characteristics of humans are evolved adaptations, the functional results of natural or sexual selection in human evolution. Evolutionary psychologists argue that evolutionary theory can provide a Meta theoretical framework for integrating all aspects of psychology.
Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology that applies knowledge of the human mind and behavior to the practice of law. Conducting child custody evaluations, assessing fitness to stand trial, and testifying in criminal and civil trials are all common jobs for forensic psychologists. (American Psychological Association, 2013.)
Understanding how humans interact with their surroundings is the focus of this branch of psychology. This could include both natural and manufactured situations. Professionals in this sector are frequently focused on improving people’s interactions with the environment.
Experimental psychologists study basic psychological processes such as attention, perception, memory, and reasoning. Many psychologists could be called experimental in the sense that their research has an impact on much of the discipline. Experimental psychologists, on the other hand, have no other goal but to perform and publish a study on human or animal behavior. Their discoveries frequently add to work in a variety of fields and contribute to a bigger conclusion.
Occupational psychology, often known as work and organizational psychology or I-O psychology, is a branch of psychology that investigates the study of human behavior in relation to the workplace. Research on employee behavior and attitudes is used to improve training procedures and management systems in order to improve performance, motivation, job satisfaction, and occupational health and safety.
Personality psychology is a broad field of psychology concerned with the formation of personalities. The various forces that determine how personality develops and manifests are of interest to researchers in this discipline. They are also interested in knowing more about how personality evolves throughout life. (Buss, D.M., 1991. Evolutionary personality psychology.)
This branch of psychology focuses on assisting students with academic, social, emotional, and behavioral challenges that they may encounter in school. Following that, these specialists work with individual students, parents, educators, and school administrators.
Individual actions and personalities within a social setting are studied by social psychologists. This discipline of psychology studies the social elements that influence how people act and the circumstances in which they act. Social psychologists study and monitor social influence, group processes, bias or discrimination, and stereotypes, among other things. (Bernard, L.L., 1926. An introduction to social psychology.)
Athletes need sports psychologists to help them perform at their best on the field—this subcategory of psychologists studies how sports affect human psychology and vice versa. Sports psychologists deal with players (from kids to adults), parents, coaches, and others in applied settings on issues such as injury and recovery, positive communication, and team building.
Branch Out to the World
Although psychology is a young discipline, it has had enough time to develop various psychological currents that define how it is studied, the concepts and methods that are used to work, and the goal that is pursued. Although psychology investigates mental processes and behavior, it does so from a variety of perspectives that are addressed and advised for various situations. This science’s scope encompasses therapeutic, social, labor, and educational domains, presenting solutions based on people’s development, balance, and well-being in each. Thanks to these different areas of psychology, psychologists can help a wide variety of patients and can treat many types of problems.