The nature vs. nurture topic is philosophical, cultural, and scientific debate about whether human personality, culture, and behavior are caused primarily by nature or nurture. But what it’s actually about?
Nature is often defined in this debate as hormone and genetic-based behaviors, dispositions, and traits, while one’s culture, experience, and environment are defined by nurture.
In the context of this debate, we will explain how nature and nurture affect physical and mental health and the interrelation of nature and nurture.
Nature is the term meant to be a biologically inherited mental health or getting influenced by our biological parents or the surroundings. In nature study, the character and the behavior are determined by biological history. Some rare disorders also form, such as schizophrenia, bipolar, and major depression.
When we talk about nature, we mainly refer to the genetics we inherit from our parents. A recent study was done on the topic, and it’s conducted in Pakistan. The study suggested that the temperament of the siblings is due to genetics.
The behavior of the child depends on how he reacts to the actions and the genetic makeup of the family's relatives influences. Most of the time, the child's behaviors are easily identifiable by the family members.
Every surrounding which surrounds us and the one who is influenced by it is what nurture is all about. A person is changed according to the environment where he lives and grows.
When discussing nurture, we refer to all the environmental factors that influence everyone. Birth order, peers, family size, parenting style, Education, and language come under environmental factors.
The primary argument for nurture is that the environment in which are living makes us who we are. Those who are on the extreme side of nurture are primarily researchers. They believe humans are born in an original state (blank slate) and acquire all the information from their environment.
Behavior is the most common thing attained by the environment, and behaviorism is a school of psychology that can be considered as one side of nurture.
The debate is vast; a lot of researchers are coming up with updated theories that may influence the topic more effortlessly. People might get to understand what the connected dots of nature and nurture are. The topic may be connected to social anxiety, so let us see some brief about anxiety related to social activities.
Some debates state that Nature and nurture are not relevant and related to each other. Whereas some researchers say that it is related in some kind. However, some things can be proven to us that nature and nurture are the same and, at some point, connected.
Some of the brain stimulation and body parts need some of the environment's help to be in the position of working. One example is the ears need to hear some environmental noise which is inevitable for the child.
It then starts a process of an ability to hear things, because of which a person's brain stimulation becomes active. So there are also other parts that are important to start its process but cannot be started without environmental aspects.
The same goes for nurture. Nurture also is related to nature. Some negative environmental aspects give the person negative and bad influences and habits. It then sticks up with that person for life long, and sometimes it is passed down to his future generation.
Research and studies have shown that nurture affects our physical as well as our mental health, and nature vs nurture refers to some biological impact on human traits and also describes the influence of learning from one’s environment.
Let’s separate nature and nurture to understand deeply what they mean and how they affect human psychology!
When twins were separated when they were small, they were raised differently and in a different environment, which was not the same. According to their environment, they were making friends as they were raised.
Both of the character development was also not the same one another. Even the behavior was not 100% the same between them. Still, when they met each other at that time, they talked to each other and were able to communicate and corporate which each other in a positive way. Their behavior was also matching each other. Most of them said they became friends faster than their actual friends.
While environmental factors are most significant for the short term, and your genes mostly play a crucial role over time. This means that the impact of environmental events, like losing a job or getting bullied, is limited.
As discussed above, social Anxiety is highly heritable, and it is the fear of being negatively estimated in social situations. It's common, and many people experience this occasionally. Anxiety is only considered a diagnosis when it becomes strong enough to prevent some normal social interactions.
Let’s take an example within a group of children. There are always some children who tend to be distressed or shy away in the corner of the place, while on the other hand, there are active ones that roam around the classroom.
Scientists have researched a lot and believe the main reason is their resilience and sensitivity to stress or Anxiety, mainly determined by their genes. However, with environmental help in culturing them, it could help them.
Mostly when under stress, we are more alert to the environment because of cortisol secretion. Although when there is extra secretion, it might result in panic and anxiety. This great stress may cause an individual to be dropped in performance.
The general conclusion of this article is that it defines nurture works on what nature endows. It means that humans are well-developed and capable of learning and adapting to new things. Sometimes nature and nurture can simultaneously be occurring at the same time.
The overall writing discusses whether human behavior is determined by the environment or the person’s genes. Nurture is usually taken as the influence of external factors like an individual's learning, experience, and product of exposure.
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