One of the most prevalent sexual dysfunctional disorders, premature ejaculation (PE), affects 2030% of males. PE has an impact on the nature of intercourse, causing distress and anxiety as well as affecting relationships between partners.
Numerous effective treatments have been investigated by andrologists over the past few decades, including surgery, topical anesthetics, tricyclic antidepressants, PDE5Is, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Paroxetine is one of the SSRIs that increases the amount of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in post-synaptic membrane receptors, thus delaying ejaculation.
Despite not being FDA-approved, Paroxetine has the advantages of lower costs and dropout rates. They are the most widely prescribed drugs for compulsive, panic, anxiety, and depressive disorders. Let's look closely at Paxil and how it affects premature ejaculation.
Paxil (Paroxetine) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Paroxetine treats anxiety disorders, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
It works by aiding in the brain's natural chemical (serotonin) balance restoration. It is occasionally recommended for Premature Ejaculation in addition to treating mood problems.
FDA approved indication
Paxil has been given FDA approval for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), and associated vasomotor symptoms with menopause. Although Paroxetine is not FDA-approved for usage in children or adolescents under 18, doctors do so off-label in this population.
The primary mechanism of action of Paroxetine is to block the serotonin reuptake transporter (SERT), increasing the concentration of synaptic serotonin.
According to current thinking, depression causes an increase in serotonergic receptors by lowering serotonin levels in the brain. Paroxetine stimulates the downregulation of the previously elevated serotonin receptors by raising the synaptic concentration of serotonin, which normalizes the receptor concentration.
Paroxetine has been demonstrated to be the most effective, with an 8.8-fold increase in IELT (intravaginal ejaculatory latency time) compared to other SSRIs. The effects of these medications typically take time to become apparent.
Paroxetine blocks serotonin from reabsorbing from the synaptic cleft's axonal end. Serotonin levels in the micro neuronal milieu rise as a result, as does the activation of post-synaptic receptors by serotonin. The delay of ejaculation follows an increase in serotonin levels.
The Australian Centre conducted this study for Sexual Health, St. Luke's Hospital, Sydney, to determine the efficiency of chronic and 'on demand' paroxetine hydrochloride administration in treating premature ejaculation (PE).
Ninety-four average men, ages 18 to 61 (mean 39), were treated with oral Paroxetine as Paxil for premature ejaculation hydrochloride, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, for premature ejaculation. All of the males were married or in committed relationships.
Sixty-four out of ninety-four males (Group A) were given paroxetine hydrochloride 20 mg once daily as an initial treatment. After four weeks, those men who improved their ejaculatory control were given 'on-demand paroxetine hydrochloride (20 mg) three to four hours before their intended intercourse. The remaining 33 of the 94 males (Group B) were given 20 mg of 'on-demand paroxetine hydrochloride 3-4 hours before their intended intercourse.
The pre-mean ejaculatory latency time (ELT) of groups A and B was 0.4 min (range 0-1 min). The mean ELT in group A was 4.5 minutes in 761 intercourses at a frequency of 2.4 intercourse per week following four weeks of daily Paxil medication. After four weeks of daily Paxil medication, the mean ELT in group A improved to 3.9 minutes (range 0-10), and 36 men felt they maintained improved ejaculatory control.
Paroxetine is taken orally. The dose is titrated based on the patient's symptoms and tolerance to the dosage. There are regular and controlled-release tablets and liquid forms. Depending on tolerance, Paroxetine can be taken at any hour of the day.
You can take the medication with or without food. The doses of Paroxetine that are effective in increasing IELT are 1040 mg.
Dosage For Paxil
The dosage is a list of directions for how to take the medication. It covers the appropriate dose, timing, and duration of administration. The ideal dosage yields the desired result with the fewest adverse effects.
For primary PE, Paroxetine in a dose of 20 mg is sufficient, and increasing the dose can result in an even longer ejaculation latency. The doses of Paroxetine that are effective in increasing IELT are 1040 mg.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved specific drugs to treat premature (early) ejaculation. However, several drugs have been utilized for this purpose safely and successfully.
Paxil (paroxetine hydrochloride) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Some side effects are insignificant and of little concern, while others could be serious and necessitate medical treatment.
Although many side effects are mild and not dangerous, it is still crucial to notify your doctor since the side effect could be a warning of danger or that the drug is not working as it should.
Here are some common and serious side effects:
Suicidal thoughts or actions
Severe allergic reactions
Change in appetite or weight
Episodes of mania
A decrease in sodium levels
Decreased need for sleep
Bone pain or tenderness, swelling, bruising
Precautions are cautionary steps you or others must take when using medications.
When using a prescription drug, it is essential to take the advised Safety measures to prevent drug misuse.
Before taking Paroxetine, tell your doctor about all the medications you take. Discuss if you have any allergies or any queries regarding the drug.
Drug interactions could alter how your medications work or raise the possibility of side effects. Without your doctor's approval, never start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs. When modifying a regimen, check to see if any of the patient's prescriptions have known interactions, and advise the patient on how to reduce the likelihood of a drug interaction.
Every day drug interactions with Paxil include
Premature ejaculation is one of the most prevalent sexual dysfunctions impacting men today. The number of research on PE has increased over the last few years, which has changed how people view this condition. Premature ejaculation is nothing to be ashamed of; almost everyone has experienced it. Treating it requires your and your doctor's attention.
When compared to alternative medications, Paroxetine has the benefit of improving PE with minimal side effects. It seems to be an effective drug for treating premature ejaculation. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. In case of overdose or serious adverse effects, seek emergency medical care.
Davis, B., Nagarajan, A., Forrest, L.et al.Mechanism of Paroxetine (Paxil) Inhibition of the Serotonin Transporter.Sci Rep6, 23789 (2016). From https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23789 Obtain on 02/11/2022
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