Published on 28 October 2021

What are the Elements of Psychology?

General Psychology what-are-the-elements-of-psychology
Table of Contents

In 1890, the famous American philosopher and psychologists published the book "The principles of psychology," which describes the most crucial element of psychology. It covered many topics, but some stand out as being more valuable & relevant than others, particularly the Stream of emotion, will, habit, and consciousness sections. Let's see some elements that might help you understand in detail actual impressions of elements that come under Psychology:

Stream of Consciousness

The most famous psychological metaphor by James is the Stream of consciousness. He argued that human thought could be categorized as a flowing stream, and it was considered an innovative concept when human thought and perspective were considered a distinct chain. He had a firm belief that humans can never experience precisely the same idea or thought more than once. Additionally, he viewed consciousness as entirely endless. 


James introduced a new theory of emotion, later known as James-Lange theory, which urged that emotion is the consequence rather than the cause of bodily experience associated with the expression. In other words, a stimulus causes a physical response, and the emotion follows the path of reaction. This theory of emotion has received criticism throughout the year since its initiation. Regardless of the fact, it still has merits. 

In psychology, emotion is often defined as a complex state resulting in Psychological and physical changes influencing behavior and thought. Emotionality is linked with a range of psychological occurrences, including temperament, mood, personality, and motivation. (Scheff, T.J., 1983. )


Human habits are constantly formed so as to achieve specific results because of an individual's intense feelings of wishing and wanting something. James highlighted the significance & power of human habit and further proceeded to conclude.

James later noticed that the laws of habit formation are equitable; habit is proficient in causing either positive or negative actions. Once the habit is begun to be established, it is very challenging to change the habit. (Gardner, B., Lally, P. and Wardle, J., 2012)


Will was the final chapter of the principles of psychology, which was James's experience of his personal life. The only question which has troubled James during his crisis, whether free will existed or not. When it is most voluntary, the most important achievement of the will is to appear to a complex object and hold it fast before the mind grasps it. The essential phenomenon of will is the effort to the attention. (Krok, E., 2013

Elements that hack your mind

Research and studies have shown that it takes a minimum of 66 days to make something a daily habit. You may think, why are we talking about habits and stuff? But just understand the concept of Psychology as it comes under it. Following are some elements are shown; just go through them.


Perception is the sensational experience of the world. It involves both actions in response to these stimuli and recognizing environmental stimuli as well.

Through the emotional process, we collect or gain information about the environment's elements and properties, which may be critical to our survival. Perception provides us an atmosphere to our experience of the world around us; it makes us allow us to act accordingly with our environment. (Dember, W.N., 1960)


Cognition is a term that generally refers to mental processes that involve gaining proper comprehension and knowledge. These cognitive processes include remembering, judging, and problem-solving, knowing, and thinking. These are higher-level functions of the brain and encompass language, imagination, perception, and planning. (Devine, P.G., Hamilton, D.L.E. and Ostrom, T.M., 1994)


Attention, in psychology, is the concentration of awareness on some occurrence to the prohibition of other stimuli. Attention has to do with the sudden experience of the individual; it is a state of current awareness. The ability to focus selectively on a selected stimulus, shifting it at will and sustaining that focus. (Compton, R.J., 2003)


Intelligence is the ability to learn from the experience we get and think probably leads to solving problems and adapting to new situations. Psychologists worldwide believe that there is a construct known as general intelligence that accounts for the overall differences in intelligence among people. (Fromer, J.C., 2010)

An Approach Towards Something New

Psychology is not just a term; it's a study that defines the prospects of mental and physical elements and health. In this blog, you will see some stream of consciousness and elements explained briefly. I hope you find this blog informational, as psychology itself is a bundle of information that is very vast to explain.