Individuals who struggle with anxiety are at significant risk of substance abuse disorder in an effort to cope or put on hold with the taxing symptoms for a short time or to relax and self-medicate.
Etizolam is a commonly prescribed anxiolytic that is frequently abused in various ways. One common means of abuse is snorting the drug. People often snort because it allows them to achieve a faster onset of the desired effects.
What Is Etizolam, And How Does It Work?
Etizolam is a benzodiazepine-like medication that provides calming, euphoria, and anxiety reduction. The drug is a part of Thienodiazepines, a class of drugs that differs from BDZs in which a thiophene ring replaces a benzene ring.
It is an effective hypnotic, muscle relaxant, sedative, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant medication. Etizolam works by increasing the action of GABA (chemical messengers), which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the neurons in the brain.
The Legal Status Of Etizolam
Its origin as a drug is unclear; medical papers citing its use in treating anxiety have been documented since the 1990s.
Although it is a new medicine with safety features to prevent abuse, it does not have the same safety features as other common and well-known prescription medicines.
According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), it is not legal to possess or use it in the United States apart from certain states. If Etizolam is found in your possession, you will be at the risk of legal issues.
Although it is a substance that is legal in a few countries for the treatment of anxiety due to its calming properties, such as Japan, India, and Italy.
What Happens When You Snort Etizolam?
People often snort to achieve a faster onset of the desired effects as compared to alternative modes of delivery, other than smoking, which is faster than snorting.
When snorted, Etizolam is absorbed almost immediately into the bloodstream through the tissues in the nasal cavities. Depending on the individual, the drug can take as little as 5 to 10 minutes to be absorbed by the body and start inducing its effects when taken this way. Snorting usually also amplifies the effects of the drug, as is often the case with most CNS depressant medications.
Users snorting Etizolam reported having significantly lowered feelings of anxiety, depression, and inhibition and increased feelings of relaxation, sedation, and euphoria.
Snorting, however, ensues horrific damage and injury to the nasal cavity, which might lead to severe respiratory problems and open a passage for diseases to enter the body due to lowered immunity.
What Are The Side Effects Of Snorting Etizolam?
When you snort Etizolam, the side effects include external damage to the medium of administration that is the nose, such as:
- Nasal passages skin gets damaged
- Injury to the septum (the cartilage that separates your nostrils)
- Nasal lining inflammation
- Respiratory problems
- Damage to the throat
Intake of Etizolam, especially by snorting, causes serious physical and mental harm to the body.
Some Severe Side Effects Caused By Snorting Etizolam:
- Excessive sedation and sleepiness
- Libido changes
- Impaired cognition, coordination, and mobility
- Rebound insomnia, anxiety, and depression
- Blurry vision
- Short term memory loss
- Comprised respiratory tract
- Lung infections
- Heart problems
- And consequently death (Casacchia, M., Bolino, F. and Ecari, U., 1990)
Treating Etizolam Withdrawal And Addiction
The drug has an extremely high potential for tolerance and dependence, leading to life-threatening addiction problems.
When frequently consumed, these drugs build resistance over time by chemically altering the brain by decreasing the natural production of serotonin in the brain due to dependence on the drug. To achieve the desired results, users need to keep taking higher doses of the medication more frequently.
When consumption of Etizolam is stopped, it triggers withdrawal syndrome, wherein the neurons cannot activate GABA-receptors triggering emotional and physical reactions such as trembling, severe perspiration, night terrors, nausea, difficulty sleeping, irritability, headaches, and increased anxiety and paranoia.
The dangerous results of Etizolam addiction are well explained by Tamburin, Stefano, et al. “High-dose dependence and cognitive side effects to medical prescription of etizolam.” Frontiers in Psychiatry in 2020.
Ask for professional help
It is essential to seek medical help immediately. There are several options that can help deal with and get rid of addiction, such as therapy, rehabilitation centers, and recovery meetings. These programs help users get through such an arduous deal without getting overwhelmed, helpless or isolated.