By Nasrin Kapadia

B. A. Psychology

20 September 2021
Medically reviewed by
Dhanashree Padhye
MA (Psychology)
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Table of Contents

There is no shortage of examples of how people react to trauma in history, literature, and throughout the centuries.

From Homer's 8th-century Iliad through Shakespeare's plays, we see various reactions from those involved, which can be informative for us.

Now since it sheds light on what may happen if our current situation becomes too much or traumatic, we understand to deal with this trauma before it worsens immediately.

This article provides brief information about post-traumatic stress disorder and how you could treat it with proper medications and therapies. (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK, 2005)

What is trauma?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with many traumatic events, which are very stressful and out-of-the-ordinary. Events could be violent crimes, torture, war, man-made disasters like plane crashes and car accidents, natural disasters like earthquakes, thundering, floods, etc.

The average person experiences many normal life events such as divorce, death, and financial charges, but these do not typically bring on PTSD.

However, the situation may cause agony, depression, and anxiousness, which are drastic symptoms that need immediate attention from doctors.

However, there are still some major implications for our mental health when someone close dies, especially since we're very socially active creatures who rely heavily upon each other's support through tough times.

Stress can negatively affect your mental and physical health, but what qualifies as "traumatic" is personalized.

Reality of trauma

One person may experience an event as traumatic in their way, while for another, it triggers less complex forms of stress that don't disturb them emotionally or mentally at all.

The reality about trauma varies from individual to individual because everyone's response will vary depending on how they feel stressed out by something.

Minor events might not affect someone else much compared with more severe traumas such things definitely won't turn anyone into obsessive.

Studies have shown that some people who experience trauma will not develop PTSD, but they do in some cases. The way you process, stress will be different from anyone else because of your unique personality and the experiences in life that have shaped it.

For example, those who have seen the world trade center incident live on 9/11 went through a traumatic situation, but those who have seen it on TV have a different experience.

Symptoms you may see in person having PTSD?.

Post-traumatic stress disorder may trigger many individuals for real; it may cause many persons to:

PTSD can affect a person's mood, memory, and behavior. When someone has PTSD, they may not even realize that they need help because these symptoms are often reported by family members or friends who care for them deeply.

It's important to note too, that anxiety disorder, depression, and other mental health issues like substance abuse; all have similarities in how they behave. So it becomes crucial not only having an accurate diagnosis but also receiving treatment quickly from trained professionals. (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK, 2005)

How you can treat PTSD?

If a person is having trouble at work and in their personal life, it may be time to intervene.

Medication can help with symptoms of depression, while therapy aims to address other mental health issues such as anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder.

  • The medication works quite well, especially when anxiety and depression are involved; although, not everyone is flexible to medication.
  • Most of the therapies focus very much on the present and what the patient can do, right now, to reduce stress day by day.
  • Other interventions may include yoga, meditation, or exercise that deliver a relaxing effect, maybe something as simple as a daily walk at lunch to enjoy the fresh air. 

Can PTSD be prevented or avoided

Training for stressful situations is important to keep soldiers safe for jobs that carry a risk of PTSD, like medical first responders or other roles requiring them to be emotionally stable on the job.

These professionals must be trained just as the military has demonstrated how preparing can reduce potential stress levels.

We need to be aware and attuned as human beings, not only for ourselves but also to recognize the signs of trauma or stress.

If a loved one needs help, they should seek out professionals immediately because time spent waiting may make things worse on both ends.

Avoiding trauma could be very difficult because we are talking about situations here. We can't control situations, but we can prevent the stress by not thinking much about it, and in addition, we could attend psychotherapy sessions to overcome depression. (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK, 2005)


Trauma is a deeply distressing or disturbing experience that most people go through, but it can be treated through various activities.

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