Citalopram is an antidepressant medication. Citalopram is a part of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors class of antidepressants (SSRIs). It is supposed to function by raising serotonin levels in the brain, a natural molecule that aids in mental balance.
Eating disorders, alcoholism, panic disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and social phobia are also treated with citalopram. Discuss the risks of using this medication for your illness with your doctor.(Goa, K.L., 1991)
How To Administer?
Follow your doctor’s instructions when using citalopram. Follow the directions on your prescription to the letter. Your doctor may adjust your dose from time to time. Use this medicine only as directed. Please do not use it in larger or lesser amounts or for longer than recommended.
Citalopram is available as a tablet and a liquid solution to be taken by mouth. It is commonly taken once a day, with or without food, in the morning or evening. Every day, around the same time, take citalopram.
Some Of The Withdrawal Symptoms Include:
- Mood changes
Forms and Strengths
Celexa comes in three distinct strengths and is available as an oral tablet. Generic citalopram is also available as an oral solution.
The tablet is available in the strengths of 10mg, 20mg, and 40mg.
Citalopram Dosage Recommendation
In adults, citalopram is usually used at a dose of 20mg per day. It can, however, be begun at a lesser quantity and gradually increased to a maximum of 40mg per day. The highest advised dose is 20mg per day if you’re over 65 or have liver problems.
In children, the average dose of citalopram is 10mg per day; however, this can be increased to 40mg per day if necessary. 4 drops of citalopram liquid drops are equal to a 10mg tablet.(Benfield, P., 1997)
Side Effects Of Citalopram
Citalopram, like all drugs, can produce adverse effects in some people, although many people experience no or moderate side effects. As your body becomes accustomed to citalopram, some of the frequent adverse effects will fade.
If you develop signs of an allergic response to citalopram, get immediate medical attention, and notify your medical professional of any new or worsening symptoms.(Beyenburg, S., 2004)
Common Side Effects Include:
- Weight Loss
- Frequent Urination
- Excessive Tiredness
- Muscle or Joint Pain
- Dry Mouth
- Changes In Sex Drive Or Ability
- Heavy Menstrual Periods
- Stomach Pain
Serious Side Effects
Serious adverse effects are uncommon, occurring in less than one out of every 1,000 persons. If you experience any of the following symptoms, go to the doctor right away.
- Painful Erections That Last More Than 4 Hours
- Shortness Of Breath Or Chest Discomfort
- Severe Dizziness Or Fainting Out
- Any Bleeding That Is Severe Or That You Can’t Stop, Such As Wounds Or Nosebleeds That Don’t Cease Within 10 Minutes.
What Additional Medications Will Affect Citalopram?
When citalopram is mixed with other medications that produce drowsiness or slow breathing, it might result in serious adverse effects or death. Consult your doctor before taking sleeping pills such as Zopiclone and Zolpidem, narcotic pain medicine such as Tramadol, prescription cough medicine, muscle relaxers such as Valium and Carisoprodol, or anxiety, depression, or seizure medicine.
Storage And Disposal
Keep this medication carefully wrapped and out of the reach of children in the container it came in. It should be maintained at room temperature, out of direct sunlight, and away from heat and moisture. Always lock safety caps and promptly place the medication in a safe area to safeguard young children from poisoning. Unused prescriptions should be discarded in a particular manner to prevent pets, children, and others from consuming them(Malaguarnera, M., 2004).
Scientific Studies on Citalopram
Thirty randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies evaluating citalopram’s antidepressant effectiveness were found and analyzed. Citalopram was compared to a placebo in 11 studies. The effectiveness of citalopram in preventing depression relapse or recurrence was explored in four further studies. Citalopram was compared against tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants in 11 more studies.
Citalopram is superior to placebo in the treatment of depression, has efficacy comparable to tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants and other SSRIs, and is safe and well-tolerated in the therapeutic dose range of 20 to 60 mg/day, according to data published over the previous decade.
Citalopram is an appealing medication for the treatment of depression, especially among the elderly and patients with concomitant illnesses, because of these characteristics.
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