By Irfana
B.Sc (Psychiatry Ward)
20 September 2021 -
Medically reviewed by
D. Pharm
Tramadol’s Addiction
Table of Contents

Tramadol is used to alleviate moderate or at times even severe pain, where weaker painkillers don’t suffice the need. It belongs to a class of medications called opioid analgesics (narcotic). The US FDA has classified it as a controlled substance meaning you can buy tramadol only with the help of a valid doctor’s prescription.

Tramadol Brand Names

Marketed under a variety of trade names like Ultracet and Ultram being the most widely recognized and prescribed. You may find Tramadol in various forms, such as tablets, capsules, and liquid drops that you may swallow. For quick efficiency, you may also use intravenous mode i.e., injection, which should be taken only under proper medical supervision.

Understanding Tramadol And How It Works

Contrary to the name of its function, ‘painkiller,’ it doesn’t kill or stop the pain. Tramadol acts on anxiety It affects pain receptors in the central nervous system to block pain signals to the rest of the body.

Tramadol works in a way to decrease the amount of pain your brain might assume you’re feeling. You might need to take it alongside other medications as it may be used as a part of combination therapy. (Lee, C., McTavish, D. and Sorkin, E.M., 1993)

Side Effects

Inform your doctor about all of your health conditions and problems promptly as the doctor might be prescribing you this medication because he or she has judged that its benefits to you are greater than the risks of side effects. Most people using this medication usually do not have serious side effects when consumed as directed.

Some of the common side effects are:

Dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea and vomiting, constipation, lack of energy, sweating, dry mouth, etc.

However, some of the more serious side effects can include:

  • Extremely slowed breathing
  • Adrenal or androgen insufficiency may lead to continued fatigue, pain in your abdomen, muscle weakness, and trouble sleeping.
  • Seizures

Symptoms include: anxiety, irritability, trouble sleeping, rapid breathing rate and heart rate, increased blood pressure, dilated pupils, runny nose, watery eyes, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, a loss of appetite, severe perspiration, chills, stomach cramps, muscle aches, backache, or joint pain.

Tramadol Addiction Potential

As it is one of the least potent opioid painkillers, still it can make a person addicted if taken without a doctor’s approval. Without even realizing it, this false sense of security can lead some people to develop an addiction.

Tramadol Abuse

Consumption of Tramadol without a prescription or taking it in higher doses, more often or for a longer time than prescribed, are all considered abuse of this drug and can lead to dependence and addiction.

Combining Tramadol with any other substance to increase its effects and creates a euphoric high is also abuse. Addiction and misuse of this drug can result in overdose and may cause death. To help avoid such mishaps, consume this drug exactly as prescribed by your doctor.

Researchers found a major common link among those that abuse Tramadol. In about 95% of cases, people who abuse this medication are those that already have a prior history of other substance abuse.

Treatment For Tramadol Abuse And Addiction

Addiction has some common signs, and it has proved to be easier to treat addiction by recognizing the symptoms in the early stages itself.

Symptoms of addiction can be physical, mental, and even behavioral:

  • An overpowering urge to use the substance or use it on a very regular basis.
  • Personality changes, including extreme mood swings and anxiety.
  • Behavioral changes, including paranoia, secrecy, or aggressive and violent behavior.
  • Change in appearance, including unexplained weight gain or loss or poor hygiene, and pinpoint pupils
  • Various ongoing health issues, such as continued exhaustion, insomnia, or poor nutrition.
  • Social withdrawal, resulting in constrained relationships with friends and family or forming new toxic relationships with other substance users.
  • Poor conduct and performance at work or school, often due to absence or disinterest.
  • Spending money required for bills or other necessities on the substance, resulting in money or legal issues, including suspicious or frequent requests to borrow money.

If you begin to notice any of these signs in your loved ones or in yourself, accompany them to help them with patience, understanding, and kindness. Numerous options can help get rid of addiction, such as therapy, rehabilitation centers, and recovery meetings.

What's on your mind?

Start a conversation ,Post with kindness.